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What Are Employers Looking For?

Electric utilities and other nuclear energy companies need workers across a broad range of disciplines. Opportunities exist for a variety of engineers, technicians, skilled trade and technology workers, and others.

Nuclear Energy Isn't Just for Nuclear Engineers

The industry anticipates the need for significant numbers of entry-level employees in all categories, but there also is a need for mid-career staff and individuals who have served in the military and are ready to move into the civilian sector.

Training is a major focus in the nuclear industry as workers continually sharpen and expand their knowledge and skills, as well as learn new skills. The goal is excellent performance on the job, providing the opportunity to expand responsibilities or change jobs within the organization.

Working at a Nuclear Energy Facility is Safe!

The nation’s nuclear power plants are among the safest and most secure industrial facilities in the United States. Multiple layers of physical security, together with high levels of operational performance, protect plant workers, the public and the environment.

Pre-Employment Background Investigations

Nuclear energy facilities must be kept safe and secure at all times. Therefore, the nuclear energy industry is legally required to perform comprehensive background screenings of all potential employees to establish that they are trustworthy and reliable before granting them unescorted access to facilities.

Background checks include a thorough review of an applicant’s employment, education, criminal, military and credit history. Minor infractions like traffic violations and misdemeanors may not preclude applicants from receiving employment as long as all of this information is fully disclosed on the personal history questionnaire. Applicants must also submit to psychological, drug and alcohol testing. These are routine assessments for all nuclear energy employees.

Pre-Employment Examinations

Many nuclear energy companies require entry-level personnel to pass pre-employment aptitude examinations. These examinations help determine who will be successful in each company’s training program. Applicants should refer to each company’s recruitment website for additional information about required pre-employment aptitude examinations.

Post-Employment Background Investigations

All employees will be monitored for impaired performance. If hired, all employees will be required to participate in periodic, random drug and alcohol testing.

Types of Careers


  • Civil/structural
  • Electrical
  • Materials
  • Mechanical
  • Nuclear
  • Computer
  • Instrumentation and control
  • Fire protection
  • Systems
  • Project management


  • Accountants
  • Analysts
  • Business management experts
  • Chemists
  • Document control experts
  • Health physicists
  • Information technology experts
  • Occupational safety, including radiation safety experts
  • Plant operators (licensed and non-licensed)
  • Statistics/probabilistic risk assessment experts
  • Training specialists

Technicians and Skilled Trades Workers

  • Carpenters
  • Construction trades and related workers
  • Electricians
  • Engineering technicians
  • Heavy equipment operators
  • Machinists
  • Maintenance technicians
  • Millwrights
  • Pipefitters
  • Science technicians, including chemical, environmental protection, instrumentation and control, radiation protection and nuclear
  • Security officers
  • Welders